A home is a rather complex “machine”.  It has many subsystems and interlocking parts, working as a system. When you purchase any home, you need to be sure they are all working properly and not on the verge of failure.  So the primary purpose your pre-purchase home inspection is to protect you from defects or problems that may not be obvious to you or your realtor.  At Duxbury & Associates-Building Inspection and Consulting Ltd., we have certified home inspectors to go through your home from top to bottom outside and top-to-bottom inside and identify potential problems — problems you should know about before you complete the purchase.

Shown below is an outline of some of the key things our Home Inspectors look for.  If you have questions about our home inspections, our Inspectors or what we cover /don’t cover, please contact us.  We’ll be happy to explain everything we do and why we are different.

  1. ROOF SYSTEM INSPECTIONS
    • Flat roof covering.
    • Sloped roof covering.
    • The roof drainage systems.
    • All accessible flashings.
  2. EXTERIOR INSPECTIONS
    • The exterior wall cladding, flashings, exterior trim, paint /caulking and penetrations.
    • The exterior doors, windows and window wells.
    • The attached decks, balconies, steps and porches.
    • Eaves, soffits and fascias, where safely accessible.
    • The grading around the home.
    • The downpipes and the down pipes extensions.
    • The garage /house door, the garage doors and garage door operation.
    • Driveways, patios and walkways.
    • Basement walk-outs.
  3. STRUCTURAL SYSTEM INSPECTIONS
    • The accessible structural components of the foundation and superstructure.
    • The floor structure, wall structure, ceiling structure – where visible.
    • Roof structure (trusses, rafters, joists and metal /wood sheathing).
    • Steel beams, wood beams and columns.
    • Suspended concrete floor slabs and slab on grade.
    • Wall bearing and joist hangers.
    • Fire-separations.
    • Cracks in the foundation walls, settlement and frost up-lift.
    • Underground garage leaks and basement /crawl space leaks.
    • Craws space condition overall, by crawling to the extent possible.
  4. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM INSPECTIONS
    • The service entrance, service equipment and the service grounding.
    • The interior components of service panels and sub panels – so long as safe to do so.
    • Location of the main electrical panel.
    • The size of the service.
    • The ground-fault and arc-fault circuit interrupters (GFCI & AFCI).
    • Representative number of electrical outlets.
    • The type of the distribution wiring (copper, aluminum or knob & tube).
  5. HEATING SYSTEM (HVAC) INSPECTIONS
    • The heating equipment (furnaces, boilers, etc.)
    • Appliance condition.
    • Type of fuel (gas, oil, electricity).
    • Baseboard heaters, fan-forced heaters, radiant heat.
    • Air filters and electronic, electrostatic air filters.
    • Adequate air for combustion.
    • The vent system and the flues.
    • Duct system (exhaust, air supply & air-return).
    • Heat recovery ventilation (HRV).
    • De-humidifiers.
  6. AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEMS INSPECTIONS
    • The central air conditioning systems – if functional and safe to do so.
  7. PLUMBING SYSTEM INSPECTIONS
    • The location of the main shut-off valve.
    • The interior water supply and distribution systems & type of piping.
    • The function of all plumbing fixtures and faucets.
    • The location of the hose bibb shut-off valve (inside the home).
    • The water pressure.
    • The location of the main floor drain.
    • The condition of the caulking & grout in the showers & tubs.
  8. INSULATION INSPECTIONS
    • The insulation in the attic & type.
    • The insulation and vapour barriers in unfinished spaces.
    • The “R” Value of the insulation.
  9. VENTILATION INSPECTIONS
    • The ventilation of attic(s).
    • The mechanical ventilation systems for the bathrooms & kitchen(s).
    • The ventilation for furnaces, water heaters & dryers.
    • Check vent pipes to make sure they discharge fully outside of the building.
    • Check that the vent pipes are insulated to avoid condensation.
  10. INTERIOR INSPECTIONS
    • The walls, ceilings, and floors.
    • The steps, stairways, handrails and guard railings.
    • Representative number of doors and windows.
    • Presence of smoke alarm and carbon monoxide detectors
    • Evidence of water leaks in the basement /crawl space.
    • Evidence of water-leaks around the windows.
    • Squeaks in the floor /unevenness.

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